History Of The Regiment
The 52nd Oxfordshire Regiment of Foot was a light infantry regiment of the British Army established in 1755 which
first saw active service during the American War of Independence. Famed for their famous march at Bunker Hill, the Regiment
had postings in India. The Oxfordshire Regiment ended up fighting in the Anglo-Mysore Wars and during the Napoleonic Wars
inwhich they were present at some of the most significant battles in the Peninsular Campaign, and the failed Quiberon
Campaign in 1795. Both battalions of the 52nd experienced active service throughout the Napoleonic Wars, their paths occasionally
overlapping. In 1806–7 the 1st battalion was stationed in Sicily, where they helped train local soldiers; later, they accompanied
General Moore to Sweden. In August 1806, the 2nd battalion accompanied the expedition to Copenhagen, taking part in the 1807
assault against Copenhagen, which was led by General Wellesley.
They end up serving along the Lines of Torres Vedras, and in January 1812 follow the British Army to Cuidad Rodrigo capturing
the famous Francisco redoubt on 9 January, and thereafter built trenches for the main assault, under enemy fire.
The Oxfordshire Regiment is most famous for their services after Cuidad Rodrigo, at Burgos, Salamanca and Vitoria, however
they are one of only two regiments (along with the 43rd Monmouthshire) to have the "Fuentes D'Onoro" honour. Alongside the
43rd, the 52nd held off against the entire left flank of the French Army after a surprising hefty flanking maneuver.
In 1881 they amalgamated with the 43rd.Application Process