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Author Topic: Spainish Cuirassiers in Napoleonic War  (Read 1111 times)

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Offline 塞莉卡·弗拉维乌斯·瓦勒良

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Spainish Cuirassiers in Napoleonic War
« on: January 02, 2018, 01:29:05 pm »

Spain did not have cuirassiers before the Peninsula war, , after failure by the French cavalry , Spain formed its own cuirassiers,the cuirass was seized by the French army.The uniform of Spanish cuirassiers is red coats and green white pants,the clothes is from British so it is red.
The unit was established in 1810 and is commanded by Colonel Coronel D. Juan Malat. Each of the two squadrons have three companies, a company have 71 soldiers and 60 horses.
Their cuirass, helmets and weapons were supplied by the Regimiento de Dragones Numancia,they seized this equipments from the French 3º RegimientoProvisional in the Battle of de Mollet.
This is an accident, a fact that testifies to the presence of the Spanish cuirassiers.They were founded in Reus on May 24, 1810 -by the command of General O'Donnell, of Earl Rabbis, The cuirass that be seized is equipped to the 1st Pancho of Hásares de Granada. These cuirass  came from the French 3º Regimiento Provisional, they were annihilated by the Spanish army on January 21, 1810,  in Moliere. This troop was founded in Poitiers in 1808, it was under the jurisdiction of the Lluhesme column of the military governor in Barcelona until the Spanish war ended.It had 360 cavalries.

The unit did well on May 26, 1812, when they were sent to confirm the situation of Molins del Rey, they found that the French troops had fortified the bridge.They had charged bravely and broke through an infantry column and captured 200 prisoners. When General Sarsfield came to this regiment to thank them for their feat, their officer shouted: "Coraceros, viva el general!" the general replied, "Victory belongs to Yours, you are still alive. "
At the end of the Peninsula War, the Spanish Cuirassier had become a squadron that had 210 soldiers and 183 horses.By the ordinance of June 1, 1815, it was upgraded to Regimiento de Coraceros Españoles 3º ,it was added four squadrons that has two companies,and one flanqueadores.
This unit was incorporated into the Regimiento de Caballería de la Reina nº 2. in 1818.






« Last Edit: January 02, 2018, 11:13:54 pm by Bluehawk »
历史不是作为“源于精神的精神”消融在“自我意识”而告终的,历史的每一阶段都遇到一定的物质结果,一定的生产力总和。

Offline 塞莉卡·弗拉维乌斯·瓦勒良

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Re: Spainish Cuirassiers in Napoleonic War
« Reply #1 on: January 02, 2018, 01:43:08 pm »

My English is poor ,it is translated from my Chinese article,if you learn Chinsese,you can read the orginial.
半岛战争前西班牙根本没有胸甲骑兵,但在吃了法国重骑兵的亏后,西班牙用缴获的胸甲组建了自己的胸甲骑兵部队。西班牙胸甲骑兵的制服是固红色衣服和绿边白裤子,衣服产自英国,所以是红色。
这个单位成立于1810年,由胡安·马拉特(Coronel D. Juan Malat)上校指挥,2个中队各配备3个连队,每个连有71人,60匹马。
他们的胸甲、头盔和武器,由努曼西亚龙骑兵团(Regimiento de Dragones Numancia)在莫列特战役中(batalla de Mollet)从法军第三临时团(西语3º Regimiento Provisional ,法语 3e régiment provisoire )身上缴获。
“这是个意外,结果导致了西班牙胸甲骑兵的出现。”他们在1810年5月24日成立于雷乌斯(Reus)——根据拉比斯巴伯爵-奥唐奈将军的命令,缴获来的胸甲被装备给格纳拉达轻骑兵第一连(1ª Compañía de Húsares de Granada)。这些胸甲来自于1810年1月22日在莫列特山被西班牙军队歼灭的法军第三临时团胸甲骑兵中队。而这支法军部队于1808年成立于普瓦捷(Poitiers),它在西班牙的战争结束前都隶属于巴塞罗那军事总督的Lluhesme纵队,它总共有360名骑兵。”
该部队在1812年5月26日的行动中表现出色,当他们被派去侦查莫林斯德雷伊桥(Molins del Rey)的情况时,发现法军已在桥上设防,于是他们勇敢地发起了冲锋,击溃了一个步兵纵队,抓了200名俘虏。当萨斯菲尔德将军(Sarsfield)来到这个团面前感谢他们的壮举时,他们的指挥官高呼:“胸甲骑兵,将军万岁!”(Coraceros,viva el general),将军回复道“胜利是属于你们的,你们还活着。”
到半岛战争结束时,西班牙胸甲骑兵已成为一支拥有210名士兵和183匹马的中队。
根据1815年6月1日的条例,它晋升为“西班牙第三胸甲骑兵团”( Regimiento de Coraceros Españoles 3º ),给了它4个下属2个连队的中队,和1支掩护部队(flanqueadores)。
1818年这支部队并入“女王第二骑兵团”(Regimiento de Caballería de la Reina nº 2.)
另外军服描述这一段我没翻译,没把握...
无翻领肉红色上衣;绿色衣领和袖口;白色饰边、衬里、背心、裤子和披风(此外还有手套,肩章和羽饰),银色纽扣。军官与士兵的区别是他们肩章的穗饰不是白色而是银色。胸甲周围的装色为带白饰边的红色,而大衣的原产地英国则解释了其为什么是肉红色。
« Last Edit: January 02, 2018, 11:09:00 pm by Bluehawk »
历史不是作为“源于精神的精神”消融在“自我意识”而告终的,历史的每一阶段都遇到一定的物质结果,一定的生产力总和。